High blood sugar levels
If high blood sugar is joined by disturbances in lipid metabolism (for example elevated blood fat) abnormalities are even more intense. Diabetes increases the possibility for development of major chronic non-communicable diseases: cardiovascular (coronary artery) disease, cerebral vascular disease and peripheral vascular disease.
Diabetes usually cannot be prevented if it is inherited, but a lot can be done to prevent it you are not prone to diabetes (meaning diabetes does not run in your family). Poor life habits such as obesity and physical inactivity may increase the chance of developing high blood sugar levels and consequently – diabetes. Therefore, eating healthy, being physically active and avoiding other bad habits (smoking, drinking…) may prevent diabetes from happening and lower your blood sugar levels to a normal level.
Which are normal blood sugar levels? Sugar in the blood is determined on an empty stomach. In a healthy person a normal blood glucose level is 6.1 mmol / l or lower.
A patient with diabetes is up to 5 times the greater risk of developing cardiovascular disease than patients without diabetes . 1/3 of all cardiovascular disease affects diabetics. 3/4 of diabetics die of cardiovascular disease. Women with diabetes are at a 4 times higher risk of death from cardiovascular disease.
The formation of disturbances in the metabolism of blood sugar is primarily due to heredity (diabetes in the family) , age (over 40 years), poor diet, being overweight (obesity) and physically inactive.